In the last decade, almost everything we’ve known about computers has changed. But the humble keyboard remains pretty much the same (and in some ways worse). Maybe it’s time to have a think about it from scratch.
The layout of a keyboard has pretty much stayed steady from typewriter days. Big tall buttons in mostly the same order. For programming purposes, we had a series of function buttons that most people never touched. They added a number keypad on the right as well.
In fact, the development of the keyboard in the last decades has been only about adding buttons. Some newer, even clunkier keyboards had stand-alone volume and playback controls. Add some screen stuff as well (brightness, contrast, etc). If you look at one of those keyboards, they are clunky, complicated and full of redundancies.
And, once again, it took Apple to really think outside the square.
I’m a Mac user, and when I have to go back to PC, it’s always the keyboard that is the biggest struggle. Apple are pretty good at touting all their features, but they kept quite mum about the keyboard ones. Maybe it’s because they’ve used them for so many years.
Really thin buttons is the main one. Most keyboards have buttons that are almost 1cm tall. It might sound like a small complaint, but the lightness of touch increases speed and reduces strain. Not to mention getting rid of silly valleys where food can get into. Macs also come with back lighting on the keyboard, that automatically comes on in low light. They also got rid of the wire.
Beyond the physical advancements, there are some changes in the thought behind the keyboard. The Function buttons (F1, F2 etc) are rebranded into useful things like Dashboard, brightness and volume. Looking at a MacBook, where I’m typing this now, the keyboard looks compact and efficient.
Most importantly, I use every button quite often in my active use of my laptop. I don’t have lots of buttons taking up space for no reason.
Again, there maybe some who simply think – who cares? But we should. Technology should be looking at how to improve every aspect of our lives. Why has only one company in the world ever looked at keyboards, and how we typed?
If we took a snapshot of what your most used buttons are, what would you see? How often do you hit those function buttons. Or print screen? Numlock? Pause break?
Less buttons work. And it’s worth thinking about. Are frequently used buttons hard-to-get to? Are rarely used buttons in the way? What about finger strength – are the most used keys lying under your most powerful fingers?
Maybe it’s time for good old QWERTY to go. Dvorak (link) has never caught on, but maybe we can use some of the thoughts behind it. Or this new Android keyboard designed for thumbs (link) – splitting QWERTY in half.
Otherwise we are wasting time. Sure, it’s a small waste. But its’ a waste multiplied across millions of computers and users, hours and hours, every day of the year.
I think the most interesting Apple has done with keyboards is on the iPhone. Cutting it into three – allowing type to appear first, then punctuation in the next two screens.
Cleverly though, when it comes to typing in URLs, there is a button for “.com”. That whole phrase is one button. It’s a shame that seems to be the only real breakthrough of new buttons. And a new type.
When I was in high school, I had an essay to write about Hamlet. Because I was typing and retyping the names Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, so I set up a simple ‘macro’. A little Shift+Ctrl+R would type Rosencrantz, saving me some time. This was over a decade ago, programmed by a kid. If everyone in the world was typing Rosencrantz a lot, we should be looking at a Rosencrantz button.
And maybe new types of buttons are what we should be looking at the most.
Here’s one suggestion (link) – a Share button. In the era of social networking, people often share content they discover. Is there a way we can work out the rules, and save me scrolling around a page to find that share button?
If I was allowed to create a button, it would be “Search”. You would still need to type a search field somewhere. Maybe hitting search pops up a window with a text field, and pressing again launches the search. When done in a browser, it goes to Google. On your desktop, it goes to Finder. In Word, it searches for words. In iTunes, it finds your songs. Seems like a no-brainer.
The Apple iPhone keyboard doesn’t take things far enough. Imagine giving programmers full keyboard customisation. For Twitter – the hashtag is too far away, and retweeting should be a keyboard button. Hopefully they will open this up in future.
Such keyboard customisation exists. Check out a Pro-Tools keyboard (link). It just takes computing back to something very basic and powerful. Press a button, and something happens. If only we could control those buttons.
Less buttons work. Yet more buttons need to be invented. It’s an interesting tension.
But buttons no longer need to be physical anymore. Tablets and phones are moving away from the physical keyboard. And a button is just a button – software can rewrite it’s function.
It seems like it’s been a long time for the keyboard. I can’t remember there ever being a game-changing one – maybe it’s not as cool as Thunderbolt or Retina Displays. But it’s our very access into the computer. It should be the best it can be.
Nice article about keyboard challenges – http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/tech/news/hardware/The-search-for-the-perfect-keyboard/articleshow/7583512.cms
Discussion of a ‘Share’ button – http://kovshenin.com/archives/every-keyboard-needs-a-share-button/
There has been a few attempts, http://www.hardwaresphere.com/tag/keyboard/ is one where it splits the key board in 2. i also rememeber reading about a keyboard that is essentially qrapped around a sphere etc.
I think the reason why the qwerty keyboard has remained is
1. A alot of new creations are too similar to qwerty. I assume manufacturers dont want to freak ppl out too much… but in doing that shoot themselves in the foot.
2. It is what people are used to, it is what kids get trained on. People can retrain and adapt, especially if they can see it is a superior way, but that tipping point is not easy to achieve.
3. Cost. Qwerty keyboards can be bought for $10? decent ones for $30? New products that are manufactured on small runs cost more, making it harder for ppl to make the decision to jump and make the change. you could argue that plenty of ppl shelled out $1000s for iphone and ipads… i think that is what will be required. marketing that will convince ppl that there current keyboard is redundant, if they dont get the new keyboard X 3000 ASAP they will be left behind.
If i could buy a Mac style key board for my PC for a good price i prob would.
Also important to note that the Qwerty keyboard was designed to SLOW down typing! Typewriters back then couldnt handle ppl typing too fast so one of the design mechanisms behind Qwerty was to slow people down. You also use your left hand a lot more on a Qwerty due to the letter distribution…so it benefits lefties.. makes sense when 90% of ppl are righties.
Besides, when are we going to have talking computers like on the Enterprise?